Dog

Dog

The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris or Canis familiaris) is a member of genus Canis (canines) that forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant carnivore. The dog and the extant gray wolf are sistertaxa, with modern wolves not closely related to the wolves that were first domesticated. The dog was the first domesticatedspecies and has beenselectively bred over millennia for various behaviors, sensory capabilities, and physical attributes.

Their long association with humanshas led dogs to be uniquely attuned to human behavior and they are able to thrive on a starch-rich diet that would be inadequate for other canid species. Dogs vary widely in shape, size and colours. Dogs perform many roles for people, such as hunting, herding, pulling loads,protection, assisting police andmilitary, companionship and, more recently, aiding handicapped individuals. This influence on human society has given them the sobriquet”man’s best friend”.

More Information

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Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Suborder: Caniformia
  • Family: Canidae
  • Genus: Canis
  • Species: C. lupus
  • Subspecies: C. l. familiaris

Trinomial name

  • Canis lupus familiaris