Arc de Triomphe
The Arc de Triomphe de l’Étoile (French pronunciation: [aʁk də tʁijɔ̃f də letwal] ( listen), Triumphal Arch of the Star) is one of the most famous monuments in Paris, standing at the western end of the Champs-Élysées at the center of Place Charles de Gaulle, formerly named Place de l’Étoile — the étoile or “star” of the juncture formed by its twelve radiating avenues.
The Arc de Triomphe should not be confused with a smaller arch, the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, which stands west of the Louvre. The Arc de Triomphe honours those who fought and died for France in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, with the names of all French victories and generals inscribed on its inner and outer surfaces. Beneath its vault lies the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier from World War I.
As the central cohesive element of the Axe historique (historic axis, a sequence of monuments and grand thoroughfares on a route which runs from the courtyard of the Louvre to the Grande Arche de la Défense, the Arc de Triomphe was designed by Jean Chalgrin in 1806 and its iconographic program pits heroically nude French youths against bearded Germanic warriors in chain mail. It set the tone for public monuments with triumphant patriotic messages.
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- Address: France
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- Type Triumphal Arch
- Architectural style Neoclassicism
- Location Place Charles de Gaulle (formerly Place de l’Étoile)
- Coordinates 48.8738°N 2.2950°ECoordinates: 48.8738°N 2.2950°E
- Construction started 15 August 1806
- Inaugurated 29 July 1836
- Height 50 m (164 ft)
- Other dimensions Wide: 45 m (148 ft)
- Deep: 22 m (72 ft)
- Design and construction
- Architect Jean Chalgrin, Louis-Étienne Héricart de Thury